General Instructions :
1. Candidate must write his/her Roll Number on the first page of the Question Paper.
2. Please check the Question Paper to verify that the total pages and the total number of questions contained in the Question Paper are the same as those printed on the top of the first page.
Also check to see that the questions are in sequential order.
3. For the objective type of questions, you have to choose any one of the four alternatives given in the question i.e. (A), (B), (C) or (D) and indicate your correct answer in the Answer-Book given to you. In the case of fill in the blanks, the correct/ appropriate answers should be written in the answer-book.
4. All the questions including objective type questions are to be answered within the allotted time and no separate time limit is fixed for answering objective type questions.
5. Making any identification mark in the Answer-Book or writing Roll Number anywhere other than the specified places will lead to disqualification of the candidate.
6. Write your Question Paper code No. 55/OS/2-A on the Answer-Book.
SECTION - A : (Reading)
Marks : 15
Q.1. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow : Traffic congestion is a perennial problem of most of the major cities of the world.
It occurs when increasing vehicular traffic contests for road space. Commonly speaking, when the physical use of the road goes beyond its capacity, traffic congestion occurs. If the vehicles get stopped for some length of time, it is known as traffic jam. Traffic
congestion is characterised by slower speed, longer trip time and increased queuing of vehicles. Being held up in a traffic jam at times irritates the driver who indulges in rude behaviour, verbal abuse, and making threats. Such behaviour is known as road rage.
The common response to congestion is to expand road space, perhaps by widening an existing road or else by adding a new road. However, this could result in increased traffic flow causing congestion to appear somewhere else. Besides, increasing road space by infrastructure development it can not keep pace with increasing volume of traffic.
Since roads in most places are free at the point of usage, there is no cost to be borne by the users and they tend to overuse them. Privatisation of highways and imposing a cost on the users is a common approach to reduce congestion. Various cities have taken various steps to reduce the number of vehicles at a time on the road.
For example, parking of vehicles is made restricted and expensive. In Delhi, the government fixed alternative days for vehicles with odd and even number plates. Some cities have tried staggered office timing, so that all the office goers are not required to be on the road at the same time. However none of these steps has been found to be perfect, Till date, the best solution to traffic congestion lies in a good public transport system, so that people may not be required to bring out their personal vehicles for daily commuting.